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Título : Scoping health literacy in Latin America
Autor : Arrighi, E 
Mejía, Raúl M 
Peres, F 
Quijada, J G 
Vichnin, M 
Sørensen, K 
Gunther, C 
Pleasant, A 
Ruiz de Castilla, E M 
Lopez, R 
Myers, L 
Palabras clave : AMERICA LATINA
Fecha de publicación : 25-Jun-2021
Resumen : Studies evaluating the influence of health literacy on patient behavior and outcomes suggest a positive relationship between health literacy and health knowledge, health behaviors, and health status. In Latin American countries, studies assessing health literacy are few, regional, and demonstrate considerable variation, with reported rates of adequate health literacy ranging from 5.0% to 73.3%. In this paper, we examine and explore the state of health literacy and efforts to promote it in Latin America. Key challenges to those efforts include socioeconomic inequality, social/geographic isolation, and cultural-, language-, and policy-related barriers, many of which disproportionately affect indigenous populations and others living in rural areas. Greater use of infographics, videos, and mobile apps may enhance health literacy and patient empowerment, especially when language barriers exist. This paper provides strategies and tools for tailored programming, examples of successful health literacy interventions, and policy recommendations to improve health literacy in Latin America, intending to spur additional discussion and action. Centrally organized collaboration across multiple sectors of society, with community involvement, will enhance health literacy and improve health and well-being across Latin America.
Descripción : Fil: Mejía Raúl M. Área salud, economía y sociedad. Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad (CEDES); Argentina
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